The principal constituent of the bark of slippery elm bark is the mucilage, similar to that in mucilage-rich linseed.
This herb is also rich in vitamins A, B complex, C, and K, protein, and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and sodium.
Slippery elm is astringent and anti-inflammatory. The herb is also nutritive and it stimulates new cell growth. The mucilage lubricates, coats, soothes and protects mucous membranes. Therefore, it is best used to treat problems related to the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory system.
When mixed with water, slippery elm makes an effective topical wound-healing poultice.
This herb is considered by the USDA as being a safe and effective demulcent that can be taken orally.
Slippery elm can be used for different health issues in dogs:
Slippery elm is the ideal herb for treating dogs with a nervous stomach. While it soothes and protects the digestive tract, it is astringent and can reduce inflammation at the same time.
While slippery elm benefits dogs suffering from diarrhea, this herb also helps constipated dogs. In cases of constipation, this herb helps and relaxes the muscles to facilitate elimination of waste.
Slippery elm can also be used to soothe sore throats. The herb's astringent and anti-inflammatory properties make it effective in soothing and treating a painful cough, such as kennel cough and other types of bronchitis.
In addition, the herb is nutritious and can be fed to older or convalescing pets as a digestive tonic.
Topically, a poultice of slippery elm can be used on wounds, ulcers, boils, or abscesses.
As mentioned above, slippery elm is nutritious and can be made into a digestive tonic. It can also be given to dogs with digestive problems. Here is how:
For dogs with diarrhea, or recovering from an acute case of colitis, the following remedy is helpful (from Natural Remedies for Dogs and Cats by C.J. Puotinen):
For dogs with diarrhea, give 1 teaspoon per 10 pounds body weight every 2-3 hours.
For a vomiting dog, give 1 teaspoon 5 minutes before feeding the dog.
Make sure that the outer bark is not used with the inner bark. Not only will the outer bark dramatically change the medicinal nature of the herb, it will also cause irritation to the digestive and urinary tracts.
The inner bark is safe for animals except for rare cases of allergic reactions. However, prolonged use in high dosages is not recommended as it may overcoat the intestinal tract and prevent nutrient absorption.