Treating kennel cough at home using natural remedies is the preferred choice since kennel cough usually is not so serious and, instead of using strong medications such as antibiotics, natural remedies are milder and safer.
Kennel cough is actually a generic name for a gamut of bacteria and viruses that produce upper respiratory infectious disease in dogs. Kennel cough is also known as canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD), as well as canine tracheobronchitis.
Your dog can develop kennel cough if he has inhaled viral (e.g. parainfluenza) or bacterial particles (e.g. Bordetella bronchiseptica). Kennel cough is contagious in dogs.
Fortunately, most cases of canine cough are self-limiting and not serious and the dog will get over the cough in 1 to 3 weeks. However, it may take longer if the dog is older or is already weakened by some other health issues.
Parainfluenza virus is the most common virus that causes kennel cough in dogs. This virus will cause mild symptoms lasting less than 6 days.
Bordetella bronchiseptica is the most common bacteria that causes kennel cough.
A dog infected with the bacteria usually shows symptoms 2-14 days after exposure, and the symptoms will last around 10 days.
Kennel cough usually affects stressed young dogs, especially those with a weak immune system.
Dogs with a strong immune system do not easily get infected even if they inhale bacterial or viral particles because their respiratory tracts have a healthy protective mucus lining.
However, the mucus lining can be weakened by factors such as extreme cold, pollution (e.g. from dust, cigarette smoke, etc.), and stress (e.g. prolonged stay at kennels).
Particularly vulnerable are those dogs cooped up in boarding kennels, pet shops, hospitals, etc. Therefore, if your dog stays home most of the time, it is less likely that she will be affected.
Most dogs show symptoms of kennel cough within 3-10 days of exposure.
Dogs suffering from mild cases of kennel cough usually remain active and alert, but will show the following signs:
In more severe cases, the dog will show additional symptoms such as:
If unfortunately your dog is infected and is developing a cough, it is best to let the condition run its course.
If your vet prescribes antibiotics for your dog's kennel cough, ask why.
Antibiotics can be effective against bacteria, but as mentioned above, kennel cough could be caused bacteria, but it could also be caused by viruses, and antibiotics have no effect on viruses. Therefore, antibiotics are not an effective cure for kennel cough, and should only be used for more serious conditions, such as secondary bacterial infections.
So how can you make your dog more comfortable when he is suffering from a bout of kennel cough?
The answer is herbs, essential oils, and vitamins!
For mild cases of kennel cough, consider using the following remedies which are effective in treating kennel cough:
For a more soothing effect, try adding 5 to 10 drops (depending on dog's size) of a tincture of the herb Licorice Root to the manuka honey.
Licorice is soothing to the mucous membranes and has long been used to alleviate coughs.
Dogs that have weak immune systems are more likely to get infectious respiratory disease such as kennel cough. It follows that preventive measure should be taken to strengthen our dogs' immune systems so that they are less susceptible to infectious diseases.
Feed your dog a natural, well-balanced, good-quality diet. Exercise your dog regularly (i.e. every day!), and avoid or at least limit exposure to toxins (e.g. chemicals, cigarette smoke, etc.)
If necessary, immune-boosting herbs such as echinacea and astragalus can be used to enhance a dog's immune system.
This all natural herbal formula contains immune boosting herbs such as Echinacea, Elderflower, Goldenseal, Lemon Balm, Licorice, and more and can greatly help a dog weakened by infections such as kennel cough.
How about vaccination? You may ask. Should we vaccinate our dogs to prevent kennel cough?
Since most cases of kennel cough are self-limiting, most holistic veterinarians are of the opinion that vaccination is not necessary - especially if your dog is healthy and is not frequently boarded at kennels.
Over-vaccination can do more harm to our dogs and as such we should only limit vaccination to the bare minimum.
However, if for whatever reason, you do decide to vaccinate your dog against kennel cough, it is recommended that intranasal vaccine be used instead of the injectable form. The intranasal vaccine is administered by squirting the vaccine up a dog's nose.
Intranasal vaccines for bordetella activate a pathogen-fighting protein (called interferon) in the dog's body, while the injectable form does not.
The interferon then helps to cross-protect the dog against other respiratory pathogens, so you get more protection from the intranasal form than the injectable form.
According to Dr. Jean Dodds, a veterinarian well known for her research in vaccinations, if you have to vacccinate your dog against kennel cough, ask your vet for an intranasal vaccine that also contains a vaccine for CAV-2, a strain of canine adenovirus that affects the respiratory tract.
CAV-2 vaccine also protects a dog from the more serious CAV-1 virus that causes canine hepatitis. Therefore, your dog will be protected against 3 different possible infections by just one intranasal vaccine.