The Pug is one of the oldest breeds of dogs. Believed to be of Chinese origin, the Pug shares similarities to the Pekingese.
The Pug is an excellent companion dog and quite a good watchdog as well.
Pugs are extremely people oriented and therefore should not be left alone for extended periods of time.
The Pug is a rather popular breed in the U.S.A.- Ranked 31st most registered breed by the AKC for 2017.
Pugs have quite a long lifespan. On average, they can live from 12 to 15 years.
Although pugs are generally hardy and healthy, like all breeds, they do have some health issues.
If you have a pug, you will probably notice that this dog breed tends to put on weight rather easily. There are indeed a lot of chubby pugs and obesity is one of the most common pug health problems.
While a chubby pug may look cute, it is definitely not healthy. Do not overfeed your pug and monitor his/her weight regularly.
Another important thing to remember is, brachycephalic breeds (short muzzled breeds such as the Pug) cannot be left outside in the heat for a long time.
Due to the flatness of their face, heat and high humidity make it difficult for them to breathe. I am sure you notice heavy breathing and excessive panting in your pug if s/he is outside even for a short while in the summer, right? Therefore, always keep the Pug cool and avoid excessive exercise in the summer.
Since pugs have bulging eyes, it is rather easy for them to sustain eye injuries or disease. Pugs are prone to the following eye problems:
Natural home remedies can help your pug's dry eye. See this page for more information.
If you notice your pug squinting or "winking" a lot, you may want to take him to the vet for an eye exam, because corneal ulceration may lead to bacterial infections.
The inward-rolling eyelid causes irritation. You may see your Pom squinting her eyes and she will have excessive tearing. Surgical correction is the treatment.
Since pugs have "pushed-in" noses, they are prone to quite a few respiratory problems, such as:
If, for some reason, the cartilage rings are weakened, they collapse. This causes the trachea to become narrower, and the tracheal membrane lining inflamed.
If your pug has this condition, he will develop a dry, hacking cough. He will have harsh breathing, and may be gagging at times.
Obesity can make this condition worse - another reason to keep your pug slim.
Treatment involves controlling the cough, and using supplements such as glucosamine to strengthen cartilage. To protect your pug's throat and keep pressure off the airway, use a harness instead of a collar.
The condition causes pugs to have breathing difficulties through their noses. This loss of air passage results in excessive snorting, snoring, coughing, and gagging.
As you can imagine, this puts a lot of strain on the pug's entire body and can lead to heart enlargement, tracheal collapse and chronic bronchitis.
Surgery to open up the affected nostril is recommended especially for young pugs suffering from this defect.
In many pugs, the soft palate is too large, resulting in the obstruction of their airways. A pug with a mild condition of ESP usually snores.
In more severe cases, the pugs may have a honking cough. They may be gasping for air and have difficulties breathing. ESP can be corrected through surgery.
Other health issues that may affect pugs include:
When the kneecap is dislocated, your pug will limp with the affected leg held off the ground. You may also see him constantly stretching the leg out behind him in an attempt to click the cartilage back into place.
Understandably, this condition causes pain and, if left untreated, osteoarthritis will usually result.
Specifically, the hip socket may be too shallow to fully and firmly hold the ball-shaped thighbone. Sometimes, it also means that the muscles, ligament, and connective tissue surrounding the joint may not be strong enough to hold the "ball and socket" together.
As you can imagine, hip dysplasia causes a lot of pain (and inflammation) in the affected hip joint, and the dog will have problem walking and getting up with ease.
Visit our article on Hip Dysplasia in Dogs for more information on this joint problem in dogs.
The main symptom is seizures, and the affected pug may also show signs of listlessness, lethargy, circling, blindness, and loss of muscle coordination.
Signs of the disorder can happen very rapidly or progress slowly. Medication can be used to control the seizures but there is no cure for this disorder.
This eyewash is excellent not only for cleansing but also for promoting healing of sore, inflamed, and infected eyes. Good for eye conditions such as dry eye, conjunctivitis, and other eye infections.
This Chinese herbal formula contains effective herbs for joint problems such as hip dysplasia, arthritis, and stiffness due to inflammation of the joints. Works well as a preventive or as a remedy.
A great herbal formula that provides relief from the effects of epilepsy for your dog. It contains nerve-calming and nourishing herbs such as chamomile, ginseng, passion flower, St.-John's wort, valerian root, etc.
This Chinese herbal formula is effective for coughs caused by tracheal collapse. It eases breathing, reduces mucous production and clears it from the lungs.