The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz family of northern breeds and is a descendent of sled dogs from Iceland and Lapland. Today, the Pom is one of the most popular of the Toy breeds.
The Pomeranian is intelligent, very easily trained, active, and alert. Despite their size, Pomeranians can be bold with other larger dogs and can also be very protective of their families, making them good companions and watch dogs.
The Pomeranian is loved by people in many countries, including the U.S.A. This dog breed was ranked 22nd most registered breed by the AKC for 2016.
The Pomeranian is a very healthy, hardy and long-lived breed. The average lifespan of a Pomeranian is between 12 and 16 years. Some even live longer. In fact, the oldest Pomeranian on record lived to the ripe old age of 21!
But despite the fact that they have relatively few health issues, the Pom, like all breeds, do have some common health problems.
One common Pomeranian health problem is obesity. Because of their small size, they do not need a lot of food but owners tend to over-feed their Pomeranians!
So... If you are a proud parent of a pomeranian, be sure not to overfeed your dog and weight gain is definitely something to watch out for.
Also, a Pomeranian dog has too small a mouth for its teeth, resulting in overcrowding. Overcrowding of teeth can cause various teeth and gum problems, such as plaque and tartar buildup because of food trapped between the teeth.
If the plaque and tartar are not removed, gum disease such as gingivitis can occur which can lead to premature tooth loss. Keeping the teeth clean is therefore important.
Besides brushing your Pomeranian's teeth daily, you can help keep his mouth clean by giving him dental biscuits and dental chew toys.
It is also advisable to feed your dog a healthy and natural diet. Avoid snacks or poor-quality foods rich in starch and sugar.
In addition, watch out for the following rather common Pomeranian health problems, which in fact are quite common among small breed dogs:
Distichiasis is a congenital condition. An extra row of eyelashes grows from the eyelid and is pointed inward, rubbing against the eye surface. This of course results in irritation and if left untreated, leads to corneal abrasion.
Treatment of this eye condition is by removing the extra eyelashes and destroying their roots, either through surgery, electrolysis, or cryotherapy (chemical freezing).
Entropion is a condition in which the lower eyelid rolls inward. This can be congenital, or sometimes the result of chronic eyelid infections or injury.
The inward-rolling eyelid causes irritation. You may see your Pom squinting her eyes and she will have excessive tearing. Surgical correction is the treatment.
Two other health problems that can afflict the Poms include:
SHLS occurs mainly in males and often becomes apparent later in the dog's life. The dog starts out with a normal appearing coat but the coat slowly thins out, starting at the back of the thighs and buttocks and moving up the back.
There is also a puppy-related version in which the puppy coat sheds but the adult coat does not grow.
This is a Chinese herbal formula that contains herbs that are effective in treating joint problems, stiffness and inflammation, such as patellar luxation, hip dysplasia, and arthritis. This formula can be used as a preventative as well.
This supplement contains glucosamine which can strengthen the joints, and Astaxanthin, a super-antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties.
Brushing is of course the best way to prevent dental and gum problems, but if your Pom won't let you get near his/her mouth, consider this herbal spray. It is made with natural plant extracts and is specially formulated to end plaque and tartar build-up on your dog's teeth.