Common health problems that occur in boxers include some issues that are commonly found in large breed dogs, such as cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, hip dysplasia, and bloat. In addition, Boxers are prone to hypothyroidism, colitis, corneal dystrophy, and certain types of cancer.
Besides being an excellent family companion dog and guard dog, the Boxer is often seen participating in Obedience, Tracking, and Agility. Due to his natural instincts to guard and defend, he is also seen training in Schutzhund (which tests dogs of all breeds for the traits necessary for police-type work). Boxers are also used to work as Search and Rescue Dogs as well as Therapy Dogs.
The Boxer is one of the most popular breeds in the U.S.A.- Ranked 7th most registered breed by the AKC for 2010, 2011 and 2012.
This page looks at a list of Boxer health problems and links to pages on additional information for some such problems.
The following Boxer health problems are rather common in this dog breed:
Boxer Cardiomyopathy is a heart condition that can cause sudden death in boxers. The condition primarily consists of an electrical conduction disorder that causes the heart to beat erratically, or to have an arrhythmia in the form of a ventricular premature contraction, due to a loss of the normal contracting abilities of the ventricles.
In order to compensate for the loss of contractility, the heart works harder, eventually leading to congestive heart failure. Prolonged erratic heartbeats can lead to weakness, collapse, and even sudden death.
In the Boxer breed, the progression of cardiomyopathy can be outlined in three stages:
The only treatment available is prescription heart medication. However, even with medication, the quality of life of the boxer cannot be greatly enhanced if the condition is severe.
Sometimes, however, a boxer with cardiomyopathy shows no symptoms and manages to live to a ripe old age without any problems.
If your boxer has experienced any fainting spells, you should suspect cardiomyopathy and take him to the vet for a thorough check-up.
Aortic stenosis (AS) is a condition in which there is a partial obstruction to the flow of blood as it leaves the left side of the heart (the left ventricle) through the main blood vessel (the aorta) that carries blood to the rest of the body.
Because of the obstruction, the heart must work harder to push the blood through the opening and, over time, this can cause problems and even death.
Congenital aortic stenosis is one of the most common heart defects seen in large breed dogs including the Boxer.
Mild cases of aortic stenosis can be difficult to detect. However, dogs with moderate to severe stenosis will show symptoms of exercise intolerance because the heart cannot keep up with the body's demands during exercise. As a result, during exercise, the Boxer may not have enough energy, or he may even faint due to a lack of blood supply to the brain. If you have a Boxer with moderate or severe aortic stenosis, therefore, you need to restrict the amount and intensity of his exercise routine.
Colitis is inflammation of the colon. Histiocytic ulcerative colitis (HUC), also called boxer colitis, is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that occurs predominantly in the Boxer breed.
Colitis causes inflammation and sores, called ulcers, in the lining of the large intestine. The inflammation makes the colon empty frequently, causing diarrhea. Ulcers form in places where the inflammation has killed the cells lining the colon; the ulcers bleed and produce pus.
Symptoms can range from the occasional tummy upset to constant bloody diarrhea and vomiting. Also, a Boxer with colitis usually is a picky eater, and his back is frequently hunched up like a horseshoe. For the occasional upset stomach, feeding the Boxer a consistent diet on a regular schedule, supplementing the diet with digestive enzymes and probiotics, and managing the symptoms should be sufficient. For more persistent and serious cases, be sure to consult with a vet.
In addition to the above, the boxers are also prone to the following health problems:
In addition, Boxers (and other brachyocephelic - short muzzled - dogs) can be prone to brain tumors known as gliomas. These tumors start in the supporting cells in the brain. As the tumors grow, they compress and kill the brain tissue around them. These tumors can be slow growing and relatively benign, or they can be malignant and aggressive. They tend to occur in older boxers. Symptoms can include seizures, behavioral changes, circling, general clumsiness, head tilting, difficulty swallowing, and unsteady walking - all indications of brain damage.
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