The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz family of northern breeds and is a descendent of sled dogs from Iceland and Lapland. Today, the Pom is one of the most popular of the Toy breeds.
The Pomeranian is intelligent, very easily trained, active, and alert. Despite their size, Pomeranians can be bold with other larger dogs and can also be very protective of their families, making them good companions and watch dogs.
The Pomeranian is loved by people in many countries, including the U.S.A. This dog breed was ranked 19th most registered breed by the AKC for 2013.
The Pomeranian is a very healthy, hardy and long-lived breed. However, despite the fact that they have relatively few health issues, the Pom, like all breeds, do have some common health problems.
One common health problem with the Pomeranian is obesity. Because of their small size, they do not need a lot of food but owners tend to over-feed their Pomeranians, so if you are a pom owner, be sure not to overfeed your dog and weight gain is definitely something to watch out for.
Also, the Poms has too small a mouth for its teeth, resulting in overcrowding. Overcrowding of teeth can cause various teeth and gum problems, such as plaque and tartar buildup because of food trapped between the teeth. If the plaque and tartar are not removed, gum disease such as gingivitis can occur which can lead to premature tooth loss. Keeping the teeth clean is therefore important.
Besides brushing your Pom's teeth daily, you can help keep his mouth clean by giving him dental biscuits and dental chew toys. It is also advisable to feed your dog a healthy and natural diet; dry food is better for the teeth instead of canned or semi-moist food. Avoid snacks or poor-quality foods rich in starch and sugar.
In addition, watch out for the following rather common Pomeranian health problems, which in fact are quite common among small breed dogs:
Two other health problems that can afflict the Poms include:
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Brushing is of course the best way to prevent dental and gum problems, but if your Pom won't let you get near his/her mouth, consider this spray. It is made with natural plant extracts and is specially formulated to end plaque and tartar build-up on your dog's teeth.