Nosebleeding is a symptom, not an illness in itself.
If your dog suddenly has nosebleeding, it can be rather frightening. However anxious you may be, though, try to stay calm - remember, dogs can pick up on people's feelings and emotions.
If you are panicky, your dog will be anxious and stressed as well. Stress can cause blood pressure to rise, resulting in more bleeding. So stay calm and try to calm down your dog as well.
What causes nosebleeding in dogs? How to deal with nosebleeds in dogs? Read on to find out.
As mentioned above, nose bleeding is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom of some disease, or a reaction triggered by some external stimulants. The most common possible causes of dog nosebleeding are:
Small foreign objects (such as seeds, blades of grass, foxtails, etc.) that have found their way up the nasal cavity can cause violent sneezing and irritation to the nasal lining. Violent sneezing and irritation can result in nosebleeds.
Severe nasal infections caused by bacteria or fungal organisms can result in sneezing and nasal discharge. The discharge can be mucoid (thick and slimy), purulent (pus-like), or bloody.
Allergies that cause chronic inflammatory conditions can also cause sneezing and nasal discharge, sometimes bloody due to violent sneezing.
Some parasites (such as nasal mites) are sometimes found in a dog's nasal cavity. They irritate the nasal lining and cause itchiness resulting in sneezing as well as nasal discharge. Usually in the case of parasites, however, the discharge is clear and serous.
Trauma to the head, face or nose can cause nosebleeding.
If your dog has a problem or disorder that makes his blood unable to clot, the first and most common sign is nosebleeding.
Common causes of blood-clotting disorders include:
If your dog has mucoid, purulent, or bloody nasal discharge, there is a chance that he has some form of nasal cancer. Other symptoms associated with nasal cancer include:
Nasal cancers usually are slow growing but are invasive and difficult to treat. It is therefore important to consult a vet if your dog has frequent nosebleeding, especially accompanied by any of the above symptoms.
Here are some useful questions to help you determine the cause of dog nosebleeding:
If blood is coming out from one nostril, it might be caused by a small foreign substance (e.g. seed) in the nasal cavity. If it is from both nostrils, then your dog could have an underlying disease, such as nasal infection.
Check your dog's mouth and see if his gums are bleeding too. If it is, this may point to a bleeding disorder.
If your dog has been involved in a recent dog or cat fight, or has had some trauma to his head, then possibly that's what causing the nosebleeding.
If there is, this may be indicative of nasal cancer.
If your dog is old and has frequent nosebleedings, this may also be an indication that he has cancer. Nasal cancer is more common in older dogs.
The best first aid care for a dog nose bleed is presssure and cold applications.
Put an ice pack or even a bag of frozen beans on the dog's muzzle.
Also, keep the dog's head elevated if possible.
Keep your dog (and yourself) calm. Remember, stress can make the bleeding more profuse.
If you have the following homeopathic remedies, they can be used to stop dog nosebleeding:
Arnica is indicated if your dog has nosebleeding after an injury, which may or may not be directly to the nose. Dogs needing this remedy are in great pain and therefore fearful of touch.
This remedy is indicated if your dog has nosebleeding and a fever. The dog may have pale gums and the blood is usually bright red.
Dogs requiring this remedy has long-lasting bleeding. The blood may be dark and foul smelling and the nose is sore.
Remember, even if you can stop the nosebleeding using one of the above remedies, it is advisable to consult a vet afterwards for a proper diagnosis of any underlying cause or health problem, especially if the nosebleeding recurs.