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When we see blood coming out from our dog, it is easy for us to panic and fail to take whatever proper action is needed to stop the bleeding.
So, we should be proactive and educate ourselves so that we are in a better position to deal with the situation if and when it arises.
Also, when you are calm, your dog will be less upset and easier to handle. Whenever you are handling a dog who is not well, take extra care because the dog may be more agitated and aggressive and may not allow you to examine him closely.
Use a muzzle if necessary to restrain your dog before trying to examine her.
The following sections looks at bleeding in different parts of a dog's body, the possible causes, and what we can do.
What to Do: Determine the source and severity of the bleeding.
If the bleeding is caused by an injury to the actual eye ball, such as a penetrating foreign object, or if the bleeding is profuse, take the dog to the vet immediately.
If there is slight bleeding coming from the surrounding tissues of the eye, stop the bleeding and clean the wound.
What to Do: Take your dog to the vet for a proper diagnosis and treatment.
Dog ears have a lot of blood vessels to allow them to sense temperature and dissipate heat, as well as to receive auditory information. If your dog is bleeding from the ear, you may see quite a bit of blood!
What to Do: Determine the source of the bleeding by checking the ear for punctures and lacerations.
For punctures, you can clean them thoroughly - first with water, then with a 50/50 mixture of hydrogen peroxide and water.
For lacerations which are superficial, treat them the same as punctures.
After cleaning the ear, bandage the ear to prevent aural hematomas following trauma. (Aural hematoma is a collection of blood and other fluid in the tissues on the lobe or flap of the ear caused by a ruptured blood vessel.)
If lacerations are extensive, take your dog to the vet.
What to Do: If you find some unusual growths in or on the ear and the bleeding is coming from the growths, try to stop the bleeding and take your dog to the vet to have the growths checked out.
What to Do: Examine the inside of your dog's ears for mites and ticks, and the outer ears, head and neck for fleas. Stop the bleeding and get rid of the parasites.
What to Do: Try to give your dog a multivitamin supplement that contains zinc.
The mouth is a highly sensitive area, so injuries inside the mouth are usually painful and bleeding is very often profuse. Your dog may be agitated so you need to handle him with care.
Check the muzzle first for injuries, then proceed carefully to open his mouth and look inside. Check his gums, teeth, hard palate, tongue (also under the tongue), lips, and cheeks.
What to Do: Consult your vet for a dental hygiene program. Also take a look at our page on Canine Dental Care for dental care suggestions for your dog.
What to Do: If you find something stuck between the dog's teeth or other parts of the mouth, remove it only if the penetration is not deep. Otherwise, it is better to leave it to the vet.
What to Do: Try to stop the bleeding and visit the vet for a check-up.
What to Do: Determine the severity of bleeding and the seriousness of the injury.
If bleeding is minimal and the injury is superficial with no foreign object embedded in the paw pad, clean the paw with 50/50 water and hydrogen peroxide mixture. Then apply a non-adherent dressing and bandage to the paw.
You may want to put some calendula ointment onto the dressing to help the wound heal faster.
If the bleeding is moderate or severe, or if there is a foreign object stuck in the wound, get to the vet immediately.
What to Do: If bleeding is minimal, clean, disinfect, and dress the wound as above. If bleeding is profuse, try to stop or control the bleeding and take your dog to the vet immediately.
What to Do: Determine the exact location and severity of bleeding and the seriousness of the injury. Clean the wound with with 50/50 water and hydrogen peroxide mixture. Get to a vet if the bleeding cannot be stopped.
What to Do: Clean the wound with saline solution, and take your dog to the vet for further treatment.
What to Do: If you see a growth or swelling, apply gentle pressure to the area with a warm moist towel. By doing so, you can feel how hard or soft the growth is.
If it happens to be a blood-filled cyst, you may drain the rest of the blood this way. In any case, visit the vet to check out the exact type of growth.
The estrous cycle in dogs varies depending on the breed and size. Some cycle once every 4 months (e.g. German shepherd) while others cycle once every 12 months (e.g. Basenji). In general, older dogs cycle less frequently than when they were younger.
What to Do: If it is due to estrus, do nothing except perhaps keep her and your house clean!
If you suspect pyometra, check for other symptoms such as increased water intake and frequent urination, vomiting, fever, weakness, and lack of appetite.
What to Do: Take your dog to the vet immediately.